Cognitive or cognition is basically the activity of thinking. It deals with how humans process the information provided to them and how they apply their knowledge. These cognitive processes can be artificial in nature or natural in nature, conscious or unconscious, which makes studying cognition under the branch of Cognitive Psychology, multi-approach based as there is not a fixed pattern in which cognition activities take place.

Also, cognition can be analyzed and studied from many perspectives other than psychology; these include neurology, philosophy, computer science, etc.

Following are the ten most influential studies in the field of Cognitive Psychology:

  1. The Thought Process of Experts

Every society needs experts. Without these experts, the human race would not have reached where they have.

A study shows that unlike regular people who just focus on the surface details of issues and problems, experts go to the very depths of the problem and hence are able to solve it unlike the rest.

  1. Duration of Short-Term Memory

A study revealed that the short term memory lasts for only 15 to 30 seconds.

  1. Formal Logic

Our brain doesn’t easily understand formal logic. It tends to ‘overheat’, however, not literally.

  1. Framing

The way we frame our sentences has an important impact on the people listening to it. A change in the framing of the same statement can make people change their inclination toward what you are saying, which may be positive to negative or negative to positive.

  1. Spotlight of Attention

Though we use our real eyes to examine the world, we also use our virtual eyes to size up what we find attractive from the periphery of our vision which is actually the corner of our eye.

  1. The Cocktail Party Effect

Suppose you find yourself at a cocktail party, where everyone seems to be talking. But you will notice that when you are talking to someone in particular, it is easy to tune out the rest of the noise in the background. Similarly, when you are supposedly listening to the person talking to you, but are actually eavesdropping on some conversation, then it is equally easy to tune out the person who is speaking to you.

  1. Where Art Thou, Duck?

When you show a year old infant a toy duck, and then hide it under the pillow, the infant will only look at the hand which held the duck, not under the pillow, as if once the object is hidden, it stops existing. This would gradually change after 6 months when the child starts understanding that hidden objects don’t stop existing.

  1. The McGurk Effect

The brain, in order to create an experience, uses all the senses of the body.

  1. Implantation Of False Memories

A study carried out by Elizabeth Loftus proves that false memories can be implanted in people with a success rate of 50 per cent.

  1. Knowledge of Incompetence

A study shows that people who are the most competent are least knowledgeable about their incompetence, whereas those on the other spectrum, that is people who are really competent, are very aware of their areas of lacking.  Alpha Levo IQ users experience brain enhancement.

Cognitive Science is really interesting, which can be seen from some of these studies. Apart from these, a lot of research has been done in this field which has brought to light many surprising details of cognition.

Cognition in different people exhibit different patterns and hence there is no fixed prototype which can be expected from all, which makes the scope of studying this endless, and the possibility of revelations, enormous! Our brain is truly, a complex, yet, amazing organ!